Liver Cirrhosis – Stages
The disease Cirrhosis of the liver takes years to develop. It is not a sudden onset disease and takes years to produce the harmful liver scarring,It may even take many more years until symptoms become evident and diagnosed correctly.
As you already know, the liver is one of the most important organs within the human body. The liver is responsible for manufacturing blood proteins that aid in blood clotting, oxygen transport and immune system function. It stores excess nutrients and returns some of the nutrients to the bloodstream when needed and produces bile, a substance needed to help digest food.
Liver Cirrhosis Disease
The liver helps the body store sugar (glucose) in the form of glycogen as well as ridding the body of harmful substances in the bloodstream.
The main task of the liver is to counteract toxic, harmful, and other hazardous substances in the human body; this is a crucial and extremely important process. Cirrhosis is the mixture of several liver- related health issues. Following are some stages that those with liver cirrhosis can use to help identify the disease.
Cirrhosis of the liver – Fatal Disease
A severely dysfunctional liver generally causes death to humans. Cirrhosis of the liver is the seventh most common fatal disease in world . A major worldwide growth in a diagnosis of cirrhosis disease is usually caused by Hepatitis B and C, and abusing alcohol. Consuming alcohol leads to several liver problems in humans.
General Symptoms – Cirrhosis
- blood in vomit,
- weight loss,
- leg swelling, bruising,
- small red colored spider like blood vessels on the skin,
Cirrhosis – Liver Stages
This is the initial stage of cirrhosis. During the initial stages the patients may experience very few symptoms and it may progress very slowly. If Cirrhosis is diagnosed in this early stage , th epatient has a good rate of survival.The general symptoms include jaundice, dry mouth, fatigue and enlargement of the upper stomach area. Some patients even suffer from itchiness all over their body. It’s very easy to eliminate cirrhosis in the initial stages. A doctor may diagnosis from an physical examination, a biopsy, blood test or ultrasound. Proper and prompt medical care is very important for the wellbeing of the patient. In the initial stages the cirrhosis patients will suffer from abnormal tissue enlargement and inflammation. An improvement or decrease in liver disease is verified by a liver biopsy.
Without proper medical care stage 1 will progress to the level of stage two. The abnormal damaged tissues formed in initial stage begin to transform into stiff rigid bands of connective tissue. The transformation of cell tissue into these rigid bands is known as fibrosis. The inflammation and fibrosis will spread to the patients portal veins and periportal regions, greatly affecting the flow of blood through the liver.
In stage three, the rigid band of connective tissue formed in the second stage merge with each other. The merging process causes huge enlargement in the affected areas. The enlargement leads to disturbance of normal liver functions. The liver is unable to store nutrients, support blood streaming, or break down fat contents from blood.It is within stage 3 the person may experience an inability to digest fats.Vitamin deficiency may also be noticed due to the inability to absorp fat-soluble vitamins.The liver stops removing toxic protein content from the bloodstream. Cirrhosis in this stage leads to several kidney,spleen and heart problems in humans.
This is final stage of Cirrhosis of the liver. This stage is considered to be the most deadly stage. The cirrhosis infected patient has little chance of survival in this stage. The patient needs to opt for a liver transplantation at his or her own risk. In this stage, many of the symptoms will increase considerable because the liver is unable to detoxify the blood and this may even lead to severe confusion and at worst,coma.There may be kidney failure,spleen enlargement and a loss of bone mass and drop in bone density.
Symptoms – Cirrhosis of the Liver
- Spider moles
- Liver shrinkage,dull ache in the liver area
- Intense itching in skin
- Liver palms
- Low-grade fever
- Extreme thirst
- Severe fatigue, exhaustion, unusual sleepiness
- Loss of appetite,nausea and bloating
- Thick coating on the dorsal surface of the tongue
- Stomach pain and cramps
- Easy bruising and bleeding (especially in the abdominal region)
- Confusion, slurring of speech